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Kaolin is a rock from which the clay mineral kaolinite is derived. This one has been used for millennia as the principal ingredient in porcelain tableware. Today Imerys kaolins bring critical properties to a host of end applications ranging from paper to paints, fiberglass to cosmetics and pharmaceuticals.

Global producer of kaolin for sanitaryware
World kaolin producer for paper
Global producer of kaolin for fiberglass


Kaolin, or ‘china clay’ as it is commonly called, is a hydrated aluminum silicate crystalline mineral formed over many millions of years by the hydrothermal decomposition of granite rocks. Hydrous kaolin is characterized by its fine particle size, plate-like or lamellar particle shape and chemical inertness. Metakaolin is manufactured by the calcination of kaolin to form an amorphous pozzolanic white mineral additive for use in cement based products. Calcined Kaolin is an anhydrous aluminum silicate produced by heating ultrafine natural kaolin to high temperatures in a kiln. The calcination process increases whiteness and hardness, improves electrical properties, and alters the size and shape of the kaolin particles. 

Imerys offers a wide range of innovative and sustainable engineered kaolin-based solutions to help optimize customer performance within industries as diverse as ceramics, cosmetics, paper and packaging, paints, pharmaceuticals plastics and rubber.

Our Wheal Remfry quarry in Cornwall, UK
Our dry mining processing plant in Cornwall, UK
Panorama of our Melbur kaolin clay quarry, UK

Kaolinite is a silicate clay mineral with the chemical composition


  • High brightness
  • Non abrasive
  • Naturally fine particles
  • Refractory, remains white after calcination
  • Weak conductivity (heat and electricity)
  • Hydrophilic and easily dispersed in water
Kaolin in crushed form


Imerys is the world’s largest producer of quality kaolin from its deposits and beneficiation plants in Brazil, US, UK, France, Ukraine, Australia and New-Zealand.

Our products offer unique and specific geological properties which we fine tune to meet the specific requirements of the diverse markets we serve. 


In papermaking and fibre based packaging, Imerys kaolins bring improved surface functionality when used as fillers or coating pigments enabling papermakers to cut costs and foster more sustainable processes. Kaolins impart gloss, smoothness, printability and improved barrier performance in paper and packaging applications. 

Kaolin is a majority component for the ceramics industry, where its high fusion temperature and white firing characteristics make it particularly suitable for the manufacture of sanitaryware, tableware, wall and floor tiles and refractories. It is an essential ingredient in ceramic catalyst supports and diesel particulate filters used for emissions control in the automotive industry. 

Used by women since time immemorial in cosmetics, kaolins, such as those from our ImerCare® cosmetics range, are 100% natural ingredients for face creams, face masks and make-up where they are appreciated for their superior matting and sebum and impurities absorption. 

In the construction industry, Imerys kaolins, metakaolins and calcined kaolins are used to improve the mechanical properties, porosity and appearance of various types of concrete and cement. Kaolin provides an excellent alumina source for the production of fiberglass.

Used in decorative paints formulations, it is an excellent natural opacifier and partial replacement for titanium dioxide, and ideal for use when high gloss is required.

Imerys engineered kaolins are also used as multi-functional fillers to enhance the performance of adhesives and sealants, plastics and rubber

Imerys has in-depth knowledge of how kaolin interacts in its customers’ end products. Working closely with clients, we will continue to find value-added, kaolin-based solutions to help them enhance performance, reduce costs and minimize their carbon footprint.

Health & Personal Care

Natural ingredients for high performance products

Paper & Board


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